A few weeks ago I was at a restaurant and I asked the waiter to surprise me with a glass of white wine. The waiter asked me if a dry wine would be okay. I contemplated responding with “no, I prefer it wet and in a glass”, but decided to say “yes” and see what happens. Turns out I like dry white wine.
In an attempt to save myself from future embarrassment, I’ve done some research on the common wine types and how to describe them.
As mentioned in my previous post there are five main types of wine. Here are the common varieties of white and red wine:
|Whites||Chardonnay||“Shar-dun-nay”||fruity & buttery|
|Riesling||“Reese-ling”||very sweet & light|
|Pinot Gris||“Pee-no Gree”||dry & crisp|
|Sauvingnon Blanc||“Saw-vin-yawn Blonk”||dry, tart & acidic|
|Reds||Merlot||Mer-lo||fruity & spicy|
|thick & dark fruit|
|Pinot Noir||“Pee-no Nwar”||soft & fruity|
|Zinfandel||“Zin-fan-dell”||zesty & fruity|
If you’re feeling ambitious and my cheat sheet wasn’t enough, take a look at this comprehensive flow chart of what I imagine covers every wine variety in the world:
Here are some fancy-shmancy words that are essential when talking about wine. Be careful though, if used incorrectly you may come across as a wine snob!
Tannins: naturally occurring compounds that exist inside grape skins, seeds and stems. Wines that have little or no skin contact end up pink or white and have low a tannin. Wines that ferment with the skins for a longer period end up red and have a higher tannin.
Dry: residual sugar has been fermented
Sweet: residual sugar remaining
Acidity: high acid = refreshing and crisp (white), lower acid = heavier-bodied wine (red)
Body: weight or viscosity of the wine
Full body = thick & coats side of glass
Light body = like water
Aroma: describes the scent of a wine. Check out this ridiculously detailed graphic to learn about the different aromas:
Next time you’re enjoying a glass of wine, impress your friends by identifying the aroma!
That’s all for now.
Feature Image Source: Pixabay